CIVIL ENGINEERING (Each portion to have roughly equal weightage)
A. ENGINEERING MATERIALS & CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY Selection of site for the construction of various types of buildings: Planning and orientation of buildings. Bonds in masonry. Damp proof course. Scaffolding, underpinning and ranking. Floors. Staircases. Roofs. Doors and Windows. Requirements of fire protection. Ventilation and air conditioning and acoustics. Building and highway materials and their IS codal provisions. Stones, Bricks, timber, Lime, Cement, Mortar, Plain and reinforced Cement Concrete, Bitumen, Asphalt.
B. SURVEYING Generally adopted Scales, Chain and Compass surveying ; Leveling ; temporary and permanent adjustments of levels and Theodolite. Use of Theodolite, tacheometry, Trigonometrical and Triangulation survey. Traversing and Traverse Adjustment, Contours and contouring, Simple Circular Compound and Transition Curves and their setting out, Theory of erros and survey adjustment. Computations of areas and volumes.
C. SOIL/ GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING Classification of soil as per I.S. code, Field identification tests for soils; water content, specific gravity, voids ratio, porosity, degree saturation; unit weight, density index etc; and their inter – relationship, determinations of various properties of soils as noted above as well as grain size distribution, consistency limits etc. Soil permeability and its determination in the laboratory and field; Darcy’s law, Flow nets, its Characteristics and uses. Compaction and consolidation of soil. Quality control, soil stabilization methods. Boussinesq’s methods. Newmark’s chart and its uses. Shear strength parameters and their determination Bearing capacity, local and general shear failures, design Criteria for shallow foundation, Plate load test and standerd penetration test. Earth pressures on retaining wall. Stability of simple slopes. Significant depth of exploration, design features of undisturbed sampler.
D. STRUCTURAL MECHANICS Stress and strains, elastic constants, factor of safety, relation among elastic constants. Bending moment and shear force diagrams for cantilever, simply supported and overhanging, fixed and continuous beams subjected to static loads :- concentrated, uniformly distributed and uniformly varying. Theory of simple bending. Shear Stress, Influence lines. Deflection of cantilever, simply supported fixed and continuous beams. Determinate and Indeterminate structures and frames pin jointed, Plane and space frames.
E. STEEL STRUCTURES Design of ordinary and plate girder beams, roof trusses welded joints, axially and eccentrically loaded columns, Grillage, Gusseted and slab base foundations. Provisions of IS : 800 and 875. Economic span of bridges.
F. REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURES Provisions of latest IS : 456, design of beams singly and doubly reinforced, design of shear reinforcement. Design of slabs spanning in two directions and T-beam slabs. Design of column axially and uniaxially eccentrically loaded. Design of isolated and combined column footings : Design of simple RCC cantilever and counterfort retaining walls. Reinforcement in overhead and underground water tanks.
G. FLUID MECHANICS INCLUDING HYDROLOGY AND IRRIGATION Hydraulic pressure at a point and its measurement. total pressure and centre of pressure on plane and curved immensed surfaces, Buoyancy. conditions of equilibrium of floating bodies; fluid flow conditions, Bernoulli’s, Navier-Stokes, Reynold’s equations, flow through orifices venturimeter, notches and wires, flow through pipes and open channels, Gradually and rapidly varied flow, Dimensional analysis, Momentum and angular momentum principles as applied to fluid in a control volume, applications of jets, Viscous flow, concept of drag, flow through pipes. Engineering hydrology; Hydrology of floods and drought reservoirs and dams; overflow structures, ground water hydrology. Irrigation: canals, Kennedy’s Lacey’s theories, Khosla’s theories for design of hydraulic structures. Ground water and well irrigation, water logging.
H. PUBLIC HEALTH ENGINEERING Per capita requirement of water for urban and rural areas, Forecast of population. Sources. Water supply standards of purity of public water supplies with various methods of purification; House drainage system Distribution network with all the ancillaries: system of drainage. Layout of sewerage systems. Primary, secondary treatments, trickling filters, lagoons and other treatment units and their design criteria. Flushing of sewers; sewage treatment; rural water supply and sanitation.
I. HIGHWAY AND BRIDGES Principles of highway planning; classification of road land width, building line, center line, formation width, terrain classification, pavement width, Camber, longitudinal gradient sight distance, horizontal curve, super elevation, vertical curve, lateral and vertical clearances. Flexible pavements. Sub-base, base course and shoulder stone / Kankar brick soling, WBM courses, shoulders. Granular sub-base, stabilized soil roads cement / lime stabilized sub base, sand bitumen base course, crushed cement concrete base/sub-base course. Prime and tack coats, surface dressing, open graded premix carpet, semi dense carpet, build-up spray grout base course, bituminous base binder course. Asphaltic concrete, seal coats, mixed seal surfacing. Penetration macadam base/binder course, full and semi groups. Traffic Engineering : traffic characteristics, road user characteristics, vehicular characteristics, volume, speed and delay studies origin and destination study, traffic flow characteristics, traffic capacity and parking studies, traffic regulation, traffic control devices, Intersection control. Alignment: traffic engineering, pavem design, paving materials and highway construction and maintenance of different types of roads. Need for highway drainage and arboriculture, types of bridges: choice of type of bridge, economical considerations of fixing spans culverts.